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BUCHAREST


Buildings with cultural destinations

 

Romanian Athenaeum

 

  • situated on 1-3, Bejamin Franklin street
  • built between 1886-1888 according to architects Albert Galleron and Constantin Baicoianu’s plans
  • it has Neoclassical characteristics, a Baroque cupola and 8 columns in Ionic style
  • the concert hall was decorated with a vast fresco
  • the fresco represents aspects of the history of the Romanians
  • the hall was painted by Costin Petrescu between 1933-1937
  • the hall is 28,5 m. in diameter and 16 m. high
  • now here is the Romanian Philharmonic Orchestra “George Enescu
  • in front of the Athenaeum there is the bronze statue of Mihai Eminescu, by sculptor Gheorghe Anghel

  • The National Theatre:

     

  • situated in the center of the capital, opposite the University, on 2, Nicolae Balcescu Boulevard
  • it was built on the very place of Filaret Inn
  • the greatest part of the construction was built in Baroque style, with 338 stalls at the groundfloor, three rows of boxes, a luxurious lobby with Carrara marble stairs and a big gallery
  • in 1875, the Big Theatre from Bucharest became The National Theatre, under writer Alexandru Odobescu’s directorship
  • in 1944 the building of the National Theatre was bombarded
  • the present day building was inaugurated in its original version in December 1974, and modified then in 1983-1984
  • in 1980s, at the request of Nicolae Ceausescu, the building was completely remodeled on the outside and partially on the inside
  • the façade is in the spirit of the painted monasteries in north Moldavia

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    The Opera House:

     

  • situated on 70, Mihail kogalniceanu street
  • built in 1953 according to architect Octav Doicescu’s plans
  • the construction of the building was due to the International Festival of the Youth and Students that was to be held in Romania


  • the inaugural show was on the 9th of January 1954, with the premiere of the opera The Queen of Spades by Ceaikovski, and the first ballet was Coppelia by Leo Delibes, on the 10th of January 1954
  • benefitting by a group of high class interpreters, The Opera House from Bucharest became one of the most appreciated scene of Europe
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    Central University Library


  • it is the library mostly frequented by students, but also by other participants in the academic life
  • it is situated opposite the Romanian National Museum of Art, on 1, Boteanu street
  • the building was raised on the site bought by king CarolI and was designed by French architect Paul Gottereau
  • it was finished in 1893 and in the following two years the settlement, called University Foundation Carol I, was equipped and arranged

  • Carol I inaugurated it on the 14th of March 1895
  • in 1911, under the supervision of the same architect, the building was enlarged and it was opened on the 9th of May 1914
  • on the 12th of July 1948, through the Decree no.136, the Library of the University Foundation became the University Central Library “C.I.Parhon” from Bucharest
  • during the revolution of 1989, the building was set on fire and the library fund containing rare books was lost
  • Interior

  • Over 500,000 volumes were destroyed, rare maps, almost 3,700 manuscripts belonging to famous personalities of the Romanian culture, among which Eminescu, Maiorescu, Caragiale, Cosbuc, Blaga, Eliade.
  • the reconstruction and the modernization of the library started in April 1990, under the care of UNESCO
  • the exterior was restored and on the 20th of November 2001 it was officially opened

  • The Romanian National Library:

     

  • situated on 4, Ion Ghica street
  • its roots go to one of the oldest library in Romania – The Library of “Sf. Sava” College from Bucharest
  • The Library of “Sf. Sava” College opened its collections to the public in 1838, when almost 1,000 volumes of French books were catalogued
  • after the Union of 1859, the Library of “Sf. Sava” College got the statute of a national library, getting the name of National Library and Central Library
  • in 1864, the law “Public Regulations” was given according to which the library got the entitling of The Central Library of the State
  • it functioned under this name until 1901, when it was dissolved and its collections were transferred to the Library of the Romanian Academy
  • so the Library of the Academy got the attributions of a national library, too, this lasting up to 1955, when The State Central Library was organized
  • after the fall of communism, at the beginning of January 1990, The State Central Library became The Romanian National Library, according to the decision adopted by the new power
  • The collections of the library comprise about 13,000,000 bibliographical units with encyclopedic character, organized in categories– Romanian and foreign publications ( books, newspapers and magazines) – and the category of the special collections ( bibliophily, manuscripts, historical archives, Romanian old periodicals, engraving, photographs, cartography, audio-video).
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    The Romanian Academy:



     

  • situated on 125, Victoria Avenue
  • it was built in the second half of the 19th c., in Neoclassical style
  • the hall is in the central part, while the library is on its side
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      Bucharest University:

  • situated on 36-46, M. Kogalniceanu Boulevard
  • it was founded in July 1864 through a decreet of prince Al. I. Cuza
  • the construction started in 1857 according to architect Alexandru Orascu’s plans
  • it was inaugurated in December 1869
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    The Academy of Economic Studies:

     

     

  • situated on 6, Roman Square
  • it is an institution of public education in Bucharest, the most important in the field of economic studies in Romania
  • it was founded in 1913, and the building dates from 1926
  • it is in Classical style with French Renaissance influences
  • new spaces were added in modern style between 1954-1955
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