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BUCHAREST


The Palace of Parliament (House of the People)

 

  • located in the central part of Bucharest, on the site called today Dealul Arsenalului, limited by Izvor street on the west and north-west, Natiunile Unite Boulevard on the north, Libertatii Boulevard on the east and 13 September Avenue on the south
  • Arsenal Hill is in fact a creation of nature, being 18m high, but the side towards Libertatii Boulevard was artificially raised
  • the construction of the Palace of Parliament started in 1983, the ceremony of laying the foundation stone was on the 25th of June 1984
  • the building has a surface of 330.000 m², entering the “Guiness Book” at “Administrative Buildings” chapter, being the second in the world after the Pentagon, while considering its volume, with its 2.550.000 m³, the third in the world, after the building where the space ships are assembled from Cape Canaveral in Florida and after the Quetzalcoatl pyramid in Mexic
  • its sizes are: length 270 m; width 245 m; height 86m (over 0 altitude); depth 14m (below ground level); built surface on the ground 66.000 m².

  • the building has about 1.000 rooms, of which 440 offices, over 30 hall, saloons, restaurants, and service rooms
  • 400 architects and about 20.000 workers working in three shifts a day took part in the construction
  • in order to accomplish this monumental building were used: 1.000.000 m³ marble; 5.500 t steel; 20.000 t sand;1.000 t basalt; 900.000 m³ wood material; 3.500 t crystal; 200.000 m³ glass; 2.800 chandeliers; 220.000 m² carpets; 3.500 m² leather
  • there are three vertical registers, that also correspond to some distinctive functional zones
  • inside the Palace there function the museums:

 

 

  • the names of the halls and saloons were chosen after 1989, evoking important events of the history of the Romanian people or well-known international personalities

 

  Bucharest -The Palace of Parliament Bucharest -The Palace of Parliament

 

September 13 Entrance 

 

  • the hall has a big lobby, placed between carved marble columns, linked to the monumental stair leading to the first floor, the staircase being opened at all levels, creating a spectacular space
  • above the stairs one can see a dome made of blue glass and a chandelier
  • the staircase, that was intended to be a copy of that from The Winter Palace – Hermitage Museum from Petersburg, is 30 m high and 27m wide and it leads to the presidential offices, today the Deputies Club
  • in the hall there are two reception rooms, symmetrically disposed facing the entrance

 

Human Rights Hall 

 

  • its surface of 625 square meters, is the hall were the meetings of the Political Committee of the old regime were supposed to be held
  • it is completely paneled with oak, colored in different hues
  • the characteristic of this hall is the module made of two oak pilasters, that are repeated every 6 m on the entire surface of the hall, element specific to the Italian Renaissance
  • on the exterior side there are 5 windows with frames marked with wooden sculptures
  • another element of this hall: the patinated plaster windows, with stucco work
  • the monumental chandelier, made of Medias crystal, the second in size in the building, together with the circular table represent a whole in this space
  • the architect used in this hall the Renaissance style, inserting traditional artistic elements of the Romanian architecture



Bucharest - The Palace of Parliament
  Bucharest - The Palace of Parliament

 

The Gallery of Honour and the Hall of the Official Entrance 

 

  • it is a long corridor, 150 m long and 18 m wide, with sliding oak doors in three distinctive zones, and cristal instead of glass
  • the gallery leads to the representative spaces of the main building
  • it is on the eastern side of the construction, with the opening towards Unirii Square
  • the ceilings are made of stucco plaster, with floral elements, being inspired by elements from Brancovenesque architecture
  • the 34 columns that support the vaults are of octagonal shape and are made of white marble with carved decorative elements
  • the gallery is illuminated naturally by 14 windows and windowed- doors and to this 67 crystal lamps are added
  • an interesting element is the two sliding doors that separate three parts
  • the curtains and the carpets are of red English sienna hues
  • this gallery intersects the official entrance (C4), from Unirii Boulevard
  • Here there are the two imposing stairs, each having a window of 16m.in height, that lead to the first floor of the Palace, where there is A.I.Cuza Hall, the plenary meeting hall of the Deputies Chamber, etc.

 

Nicolae Bălcescu Hall 

 

  • it bears the name of the great politician, historian, democratic thinker and Romanian revolutionist Nicolae Bălcescu (1819-1852)
  • the capitals of the hall are like those of the simple Greek columns, of bronze, without achantus leaf or other decorative elements
  • the pink marble used for these columns is from Ruschita, while the chandeliers and the brackets designed by the architects are made by the master-painters from Medias
  • this is the only room with non-Romanian material in the whole building, that is mahogany, very precious wood, out of which the doors were made
  • the mahogany was a gift Ceausescu got from his friend, Mobutu Sese Seko, the president of Zair (today The Democratic Republic of Congo)
  • the modern paintings embellishing the walls are signed by Sever Frentiu “Flori si mere”, Corneliu Brudascu “Trandafiri”, Vasile Pantea “Natura statica cu flori”and Ruxandra Popa “Flori de camp”

 

Nicolae Iorga Hall 

 

  • it bears Nicolae Iorga’s name (1871-1940), historian, orator, politician and writer, member of the Romanian Academy, prime-minister in 1930
  • it is decorated with the same essence of wood for the ceiling and walls, predominating the oak
  • the walls are decorated with the works of the artists: Margareta Sterian – “Flori stilizate” and “Vas cu flori”, Nicolae Blei “Vas cu flori si flori de masa”, “Toamna la Andriasu”, “Vas cu flori” and “Primavara la Andriasu” (post-impressionist) 

 

A.I. Cuza Hall 

 

  • bearing the name of the prince of Wallachia and Moldavia, it was finished before 1989
  • it was meant to be the protocol room at the highest level: “The room where documents and negociatuons are signed”, the room that would have been called Romania
  • this is one of the most imposing halls of the Palace, being the highest (cca.20m.), and the second in area
  • with an Eclectic architecture having as principal element of composition the column with capital in Corinthian style and with the shaft of the column with ornamental motifs characteristic to the Brancovenesque style
  • the columns are of white marble from Ruşchiţa 

 

I.C. Brătianu Hall 

 

  • having two patios surrounding it, the brightness of this hall is exceptional, being intensified by the lamps and brackets imitating the chandeliers of the epoch
  • it is formed of a central area with a 42 m. opening delimited on each side towards the patios by two 6 m. side naves
  • the central area is separated from the side spaces by a succession of free columns, covered with marble
  • initially it was called The Provinces Hall

Bucharest - The Palace of Parliament   Bucharest - The Palace of Parliament

Take Ionescu Hall 

 

  • it is generally used for exhibitions, cocktails, most often together with Unirii Hall which opens just after
  • the lobby, limited by two knots of vertical circulation, has an opening of 42 m, within two colonnades and two 6 m side naves
  • the colonnades are of white marble, as well as the framing of the five access doors to Unirii Hall
  • the decoration reminds of the art of the Ancient Orient, with the ceiling and the rest of the stucco elements realized in this manner
  • the ceiling is covered by thin gold, and through its orifices the pure air runs, as Ceausescu, afraid of being poisoned, did not want air conditioned system
  • paintings and decorative art (tapestries) are exhibited in this hall
  • among the painters are: Angela Brădean – "Coşul cu trandafiri", Marin David – "Grădina păcii" and Vasile Celmare "Interior", "Magnolii", "Flori"
  • the displayed tapestries are “Toamna II” by Ovidiu Moga and “Unirea” by Marius Nemes.The idea of this exposition is to give a brief image on the development of this genre of art 

 

Unirii Hall

 

  • the name of the hall confirms the birth of Romania Mare, when on December 1,1918 the Great Union was carried out at Alba Iulia
  • On December 22, 1994 the hall was inaugurated on the occasion of the 5th commemoration of the Romanian Revolution from 1989
  • it was designed for the important receptions that would have taken place at chief of state level
  • its initial name was “Banquet Room”, where from the fast architectural approach of this hall
  • it is the most spacious interior from the halls of the International Conference Center, in the whole palace
  • it is made of a big central nave (18/54m), with a central skylight richly adorned (of moulded aluminium, covered with golden metal) and two side naves (6/42 m), separated by two colonades
  • he main nave is 15m high, and the two side ones are of 12,50m with ceilings with cylinders intersections
  • the columns have flutings in Romanian style, with a Corinthian capital and are made of white marble from Ruschita
  • the walls have plastered mirrors with frames of white Ruschita marble richly adorned
  • the ceiling is of glass
  • the hall opens straight to the exterior, looking out on the park, through some 8m high window-doors with unoxidable metallic ornaments
  • the 1.100 square meters carpet, weighing about 5t, covers the whole central part of the hall and was especially designed for this space, having elements taken from the ornaments of the hall
  • the carpet is not permanently displayed, the hall being frequently used for national and international exhibitions 

 

C.A. Rosetti Hall

  • it is the show room of the International Conference Center, that also houses conferences, concerts, theatre performances etc.
  • the interior architecture is remarkable for its Cubist style, art-deco (chairs) in different colors predominating golden- ochre, creating a certain intimate atmosphere
  • the carpets lay in semicircle, as well as the benches that circumscribe the central space
  • the hall is dominated by an enormous central chandelier, the most impressive of the Palace

  Bucharest - The Palace of Parliament Bucharest - The Palace of Parliament  
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