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BUCHAREST


The National Art Museum of Romania

 

  • it is situated 49, Calea Victoriei St.
  • it was arranged in a building which had belonged to the royal family for more than a century
  • boyar Dinicu Golescu’s house, built in 1820, housed at the beginning the private suites of the king
  • two buildings were built in the meantime: one in the centre, with the façade towards the main yard, raised between 1882 – 1885 according to architect Paul Gottereau’s plans, and the second laterally, perpendicularly on Calea Victoriei, meant to administration
  • in 1926, a devastating fire destroyed the central building
  • in 1935-1936 the old building belonging to boyar Golescu was demolished, and the present Royal Palace was built instead,under the direct guidance of king Carol II
  • in May 20 1950, inside the former Royal Palace, National Painting and Sculpture Gallery was opened, thus the National Art Museum came into being.
  • in 1951 the Universal Gallery was inaugurated, the nucleus of the exhibition being the gallery of paintings belonging to king Carol I
  • due to the events of 1989, the building suffered serious damages and many works of art were destroyed or damaged, so that specialists had to work many years to restore them
  • on the 6th of May 2000, The National Art Museum was again opened to the public 

 

Collections: 

 

"European Art" collection is in the Kretulescu’s wing of the building

    • the paintings of the most representative painters of Europe, from early Renaissance to the first decades of the 20th c., are to be found here
    • along with the collection belonging to the Romanian Royal House,one can admire masterpieces of European art: “Madona cu pruncul” by Domenico Veneziano, “ Haman implorand iertare Esterei” by Rembrandt, “Portret de barbat cu inel” by Jan van Eyck, “Camille” by Claude Monet, “Varsta”, “Sarutul”, “Primavara” by Auguste Rodin etc.
  • in two rooms from Kretulescu wing temporary exhibitions of graphics form the collection "Cabinetul de Desene şi Gravuri" are organized

"Old Romanian Art" collection is on the first floor of Stirbei house

    • it consists of a gallery with 9,500 pieces, exhibited in 7 rooms, that gives a whole image about the cultural life Tara Romaneasca, Moldavia and Transylvania
    • out of the 7 rooms, in 3 of them laical and cult objects made of precious metals, jewelry and costume accessories belonging to the 14th–19th c. are displayed

 

 





"Romanian Modern Art" collection gathers 8.479 paintings and 1.817 sculptures on the second floor of Stirbei house

 

it was opened in March 2001 

 

 




► Decorative Art Collection

    • initially it belonged to the Gallery of universal art, together with European painting and sculpture and a collection of Oriental art objects
    • in 1978 it was inaugurated the permanent display of decorative art organized on chronological stylistic criteria
    • the collection consists of about ten thousand pieces of European art, including the Romanian one, being the most important in the country
    • it contains: tapestry, pieces of contemporary Romanian tapestry, pieces of furniture, ceramics, a collection of clocks as well as silver ware made in Augsburg, Berlin or Nurnberg

 


 

 

Oriental Art Collection

    • it gained its autonomy only in 1990
    • now this section consists of the most representative lot of pieces from the Islamic Orient, China and Japan, that a National Museum in Romania possesses
    • the collection grew slowly, around two major areas of cultural interest: the Islamic art area and that represented by China and Japan’s art
    • it has : about 400 carpets, textures and embroideries, paintings, ivory and Chinese and Japanese china, wooden sculpture, weapons and textiles

 

 

 

 

The National Art Museum of Romania has as subordinates the following museums :

 

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Hosted by the building that has belonged for over a century to the royal family of Romania, the museum offers to the visitor alongside the valuable art collection of the royal family, important public collections, arranged in  rigurously defined categories : graphics, medieval art, decorative arts or oriental art. 
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