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BUCHAREST


Museum of the Romanian Peasant

 

  • Founded in February 5 1990, the museum is located on 3 Kiseleff Avenue
  • the history of the museum started in 1875 when, at Titu Maiorescu’s suggestion, was organized, parallel to the National Museum of Antiquities, the first collection of works made in the country
  • through the efforts of more personalities of the time, in October 1, 1906 an autonomous museum of peasant art was founded in the building of the former Mint: Museum of Ethnography, National Art, Decorative and Industrial Art
  • for 40 years, the famous historian of art Alexandru Tzigara-Samurcaş was in charge of this institution, succeeding to develop and maintain the museum and ethnographic museology among the European and International personalities and cultural institutions
  • the emblem of the Romanian peasant is Tatomir, a man whose looks have something that puts him out of time or geographical limits , an old "European" peasant, whose image one will find always associated with the name of the museum.
  • the museum houses about 90.000 objects, classified in collections
  • part of the objects are displayed in permanent exhibitions named "Legea crestina"("The Christian Law"), Randuiala vietii ("Life’s Arrangement") and "Laolalta" ("Together")

 

 

Collections:

  • Pottery Collection - consists of approximately 18.000 representative objects from over 200 pottery centers from Romania. The most representative are: Horezu, Oboga, Vama, Pisc, Curtea de Arges, Leheceni, Lapuş, Biniş, Barsa, Corund, Glogova, Marginea, Radauti, Noul Roman, Drauseni, Fagaras. The oldest piece dates from 1746.

 

 

 

  • Folk Costume Collection includes 20.000 costumes from all over Romania, starting with the first half of the 19th c. up to the present day. The objects enable the research concerning the manufacturing, the materials and colours used

 

Collection The

 

  • Textiles Collection - has almost 10.000 pieces of decoration hand-made tissues, of linen, hemp, cotton or floss silk. The woolen tissues date since the beginning of the 19th c. and they cover a great functional variety: house-woven clothes, rugs, counterpanes, carpets, wall carpets etc.

 

 

 

 

  • Wood, Furniture and Ironware Collection includes about 8.000 objects: traditional tools, furniture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Religious and Rituals Collection 
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  • consists of 3.000 pieces: icons on glass and wood, vestments, roadside crucifixes, crosses and other liturgical objects


  • Wooden Churches - there are 6 wooden churches from Arad and Hunedoara counties, four "in situ" conservation, and two in the museum precincts

 

 

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