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BUCHAREST


The Museum of Romanian Literature

 

  • The Museum of Romanian Literature was inaugurated on the 1st of June ,1957, having its first location on 10, Kiseleff Road
  • since 1977 it functions on 12 Dacia Boulevard, building known as Kretulescu House  
  • it was built by justice of peace Alexandru Villara, in Popa Cosma suburb and it was dowered his daughter Elena Villara, at her wedding with Scarlat Kretulescu
  • in 1839 when Scarlat Kretulescu became the owner of the house, he restored it, bringing from Paris iron banisters for the monumental staircase at the entrance, as well as for the lattice work of the balconies, restored the parquet, enriching it with rose wood decorative motifs, bought refined furniture, china and silvery, decorating the walls with French and Italian paintings, assembling bookcases richly sculptured, filling their shelves with valuable books
  • he also arranged a hot-house with pomegranate trees, lemon trees and oleanders
  • in 1853 Elena Kretulescu died
  • until Scarlat Kretulescu’s death, in 1874, the house was an attraction point of Bucharest’s elite
  • Scarlat bequeathed the house to his brother, Constantin Kretulescu
  • the house was hired out until 1885, when baron Frank, director of the bank "Bank of Rumania" became its owner
  • later, it becomes public property, and the Electricity Laboratory of Bucharest University, led by Dragomir Hurmuzescu, was settled in the house
  • after 1945 it was the location of the Romanian-Russian Museum and in 1977 it became the edifice of the Romanian Literature Museum
  • between 1991-1997 the house was renovated and restored completely according to the initial architectonical plans
  • the permanent exhibition is organized in four halls: Old Romanian Literature Hall, “1848 Monument” Hall, The Hall of the Literary Currents, Mihail Sadoveanu Hall

 

Collections:

 

1. Manuscripts - includes over 300 collections of manuscripts

  • The most representative are: Vasile Alecsandri – a copy-book manuscript "Pasteluri" with dedication to Carmen Sylva; Titu Maiorescu – "Epistolarium I, II, III" – rough-copies with correspondence of 1869-1874 period; Ion Luca Caragiale – the copy-book manuscript "Titirca Stoirescu et Co" – unfinished 3 act comedy; Corespondance with Paul Zarifopol sent from Berlin; Lucian Blaga – the manuscript of the volume of poems "Poemele Lumii"; the manuscript of the play "Tulburarea apelor"; "Daimonion" – philosophical study; "Hronicul si cantecele varstelor" (two versions); "Cruciada copiilor"; "La curtile dorului"; Mihail Sadoveanu – the manuscripts of the novels: "Baltagul", "Creanga de aur", "Fratii Jderi", "Mariana Vidrascu", "Locul unde nu s-a intamplat nimic", "Nicoara Potcoava", "Nunta domnitei Ruxandra" , "Venea o moara pe Siret", "Demonul tineretii".

 

2. Old and Rare Books - 100.000 volumes kept and protected in a special room, a genuine exhibition of bibliophily, called "The Shrine of the Book"

  • the most important libraries of the writers that are to be found in "The Shrine of the Book" as well as some titles of old Romanian and foreign books belonging to the museum are:
  • the libraries of the writers: George Coşbuc, Mihail Sadoveanu, Lucian Blaga, Pompiliu Constantinescu, Ion Pas and Alfred Margul Sperber - where there are displayed: first editions, volumes with dedications, numbered copies, pages with annotations or reading notes
  • old Romanian literature: Dosoftei - Psaltirea pre versuri tocmita (1673), Simion Stefan - Noul testament de la Balgrad (1648); Varlaam - Carte românească de învăţătură (Cazania), etc.

3. Historical – Literary Documents - letters of some literary personalities addressed to Romanian writers friends, correspondence attesting the friendship relations or occasional collaboration, common concerns, the projects of some anthologies or translations, letters that prove the presence, on cultural level, of Romania in the international spiritual life. All this, besides their being displayed with the occasion of temporary exhibitions or published in the magazine of the museum, they are destined to scientific research, being real documentary sources in the studies of contemporary literature.

 

4. Fine Arts - comprises works of graphic arts, painting, sculpture, book illustration

  • some of the most representative works present in the museum are: Gala Galaction’s Portrait in carbon by Gh. Lovendal; "Liviu Rebreanu" –drawing by Francisc Sirato; V. Alecsandri and Camil Petrescu’s portraits in Camil Ressu’s artistic vision; Oil paintings by Misu Popp representing Grigore Alexandrescu and Ion Heliade Radulescu; Ion Minulescu’s portrait by Jean Steriadi
  • in the sculpture field: 2 busts of Mihai Eminescu – by the sculptors Ion Jalea and Ion Vlasiu; Miliţa Petraşcu with three works: Octavian Goga, Mihail Sadoveanu and Tudor Vianu etc. 

 

5. Periodical Publications - the museum has a number of 40.000 literary periodical publications of the 19th–21st c. 

 

6.There are some memorial houses subordinated to the Museum of Romanian Literature :

 

Liviu Rebreanu and Fanny Rebreanu Memorial house

 

  • situated on 19, Prof. dr. Gh. Marinescu street, on the 2nd floor, ap. 11, district 5
  • Liviu Rebreanu was born in 1885, at Tarlisua, Bistrita-Nasaud county
  • his first short stories and sketches are published in Convorbiri Literare, then in Revista Idealista Lumina and Flacara
  • later he published Ion, Padurea Spanzuratlor, Adam si  Eva, Craisorul and Ciuleandra - gaining his place among the titans of universal literature
  • he died in 1944
  • there are books, objects, documents, photos, pictures and furniture exhibited in the house that belonged to Rebreanu family

 

Ion Minulescu and Claudia Millian Memorial House

 

  • located on 19, Prof. Dr. Gh. Marinescu street, on the 2nd floor, ap. 12, district 5
  • there are displayed: objects, manuscripts, photographs, different editions of published books
  • Minulescu family left behind a rich collection of Romanian art, old icons, engravings, ceramics and textures

 

George and Agatha Bacovia Memorial House

 

  • located on 63 Bacovia street, district 4
  • personal objects, documents, medallions and furniture belonging to the great poet and his wife, Agatha are exhibited here
  • there can also be admired a series of paintings and engravings inspired by his poems, as well as his bust by Milita Petrascu 

 

 

 

 

 

Tudor Arghezi Memorial House

  • situated on 26, Martisor Street, sector 4
  • there are exhibited: manuscripts, personal belongings, furniture, photos


 



 

 

Gala Galaction Memorial House



  • situated on 51, Gala Galaction street, sector 1
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