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BUCHAREST


Cathedral of the Patriarchy



 

  • situated on 21, Dealul Mitropoliei Alley
  • it was built between 1656-1658 by ruler Constantin Serban Carnul (1654-1658)
  • the construction was taken over by Mihnea III, who, with the help of patriarch Macarie of Antiohia hallowed the church
  • the church was finished under the rule of Radu Leon

 

  • he made it the metropolitan residence of Wallachia, on the 8th of June, 1668

  • From the architectonic point of view, the Cathedral of the Patriarchy is justly considered one of the most valuable and characteristic historical monument of Wallachian religious art of the 17th c. Stylistically, it integrates itself with the prominent creation of the flourishing period of the Romanian art corresponding to Matei Basarab (1632-1654) and Constantin Brancoveanu’s (1688-1714) reigns.
  • The proportions, equilibrium and particular harmony of the forms remind about Neagoe Voda Basarab’s foundation from Curtea de Arges. It resembles a lot the bishop church from Curtea de Arges, the difference is made by the larger size and the wide open veranda of Constantin Serban’s foundation.
  • the complex underwent modifications and restorations in the course of time
  • the exterior walls are divided into two registers decorated with arcatures and mouldings

  • the narthex is oversized, delimited by 12 stone pillars
  • the porch is large with arches on the pillars
  • the nave, trefoiled, with two side apses
  • the belfries have niches
  • in the south of the narthex are to be found the tombs of the patriarchs: Miron Cristea, 1939, Nicodim Munteanu, 1948
  • the coffin with the relics of St. Dimitrie Basarabov is in a niche on the northern side of the narthex
  • Palace of the Patriarchy is the former abbacy of Constantin Şerban Vodă’s monastery,1658

 

  • the palace became a metropolitan residence
  • the old part of the palace includes the initial cellar formed of 2 vaulted naves, separated by 3 archways on massive built pillars
  • the palace includes the meeting hall of the Holy Sinod, with panelings and furniture of great artistic value
  • the access door of the chapel has 2 sculptured folds and a stone carved frame

 

  • it is a real work of art of the 17th c. and of the beginning of the 18th c.
  • the plan of the chapel includes a hall and the pentagonal apsis of the altar, the altar screen is of gilted and openwork wood
  • the present day shape dates from the time of Constantin Mavrocordat and of metropolitan Daniil, 1723

  • the spire was rebuilt in 1961
  • the belfry was built in 1698 by Constantin Brâncoveanu
  • the tower is 20 m high and houses the bells of the Patriarchy, among them the big bell moulded in 1888

 

  • Another important aspect in the life of the Metropolitanate from Bucharest was that Metropolitan Grigorie II (1760-1787), brought here on the 13th of July 1774 the relics of St. Pious Dimitrie cel Nou, which were given as a gift from the good christian Hagi Dimitrie, who, in his turn, got them from a Russian general, Petru Saltikov.The consecration day of the Saint was established on the 27th of October, which became, since then, the annual occasion of an impressive religious procession on "Dealul Patriarhiei"
  • It is worth mentioning that the Metropolitan Cathedral became a necropolis, too, at the same time getting the leading role among all the churches of Wallachia. In the course of time, in and around the church, were buried metropolitans and rulers of Wallachia, as well as a lot of benefactors of this Holy Settlement. Among those buried here first must be mentioned, the second founder, Radu Voda Leon, (+1670),together with his wife, Luchia Doamna, then metropolitans of the country: Teodosie (+1708), Mitrofan (+1719), Daniil (+1731), Stefan II (+1738), Neofit I (+1753), Filaret I (+1760), Grigorie II (+1787), Cosma (+1792), Dionisie Lupu (+1831), Grigorie Dascalul (+1834; reburied at Căldăruşani Monastery in 1841), Neofit II (+1850), a number of bishops and hierarchs, some important representatives of the laic life, supporters of the metropolitan settlement in one way or another, such as: two daughters - Stanca şi Safta - and two son-in-laws of Constantin Vodă Brancoveanu (1688-1714), the two wives - Casandra şi Pulheria - of Nicolae Vodă Mavrocordat (1715-1716; 1719-1730) and one of his sons - Şerban Voievod, Constantin Mihai Racoviţă Voievod (+1764), as well as some children of the boyard’s families: Kretulescu, Ghica, Văcărescu, Racoviţă, Balaceanu, Corbeanu, Tufeanu, and others.

 

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